In Java, what does the ‘final’ modifier mean when applied to a method, class, and an instance variable?


When applied to a method definition the final modifier indicates that the method may not be overridden in a derived class.

When applied to a class, the final modifier indicates that the class can not be used as a base class to derive any class from it. It’s also good to point out in an interview that the final modifier, when applied to either a class or a method, turns off late binding, and thus prevents polymorphism.

And, when applied to an instance variable, the final modifier simply means that the instance variable can’t be changed.

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